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Unformatted text preview: 11-5-07Correlations, Causes, IdentitiesOne of the popular pieces of evidence that gets put forth in favor of the Identity Theory is that there are correlations between mental states and brain states.But not every correlation is suggestive of an identity.Just because Fs are correlated with Gs does not imply, by itself, that Fs=Gs.Sometimes a correlation between Fs and Gs can be counted for by a direct causal relationshipbetween Fs and Gs.oFs are correlated with Gs because Fs causeGs, or vice versaEx. 1: there is a correlation between my car insurance increasing and my getting into car accidents for which Im at fault.oIn this case, my getting into car accidents causes my car insurance to increase, and this explains the correlationSometimes a correlation between Fs and Gs is explained by an indirect causal relationship:oFs and Gs are correlated because Fs indirectly cause Gs:Fs cause Hs and Hs cause Gs, such that whenever you have a G, you also have an H, and whenever you have an H, you also have an F.have an H, and whenever you have an H, you also have an F....
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course PHIL 1 taught by Professor Lewis during the Fall '08 term at UCSB.
- Fall '08