Week 7 Notes.docx - Week 7 INTRODUCTION TO QUALITATIVE...

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Week 7 INTRODUCTION TO QUALITATIVE RESEARCH "mixed methods" - some combination of statistically probability- based methods and qualitative methods. evaluation teams are required to include qualitative methods because they want assessment of the proc ess, the causal chain and not just an estimation of the size and the statistical significance of the program effects. qualitative methods often have the highest risk of being done quite poorly. quantitative perspective: asking how many people qualitative: look more context and more how and why questions started in the early years of public health, scientific methods contained little material on how to work wit h local population gives the understanding of the local population from a more developed way understand under what, how, and why and under what circumstances do things occur from a perspectiv e of understanding if a program work or if a program failed Define: systematic inquiry maintaining a theoretical and methodological focus on the complex relationship between personal and social meaning, individual and cultural practice, and the material environment or the context. Characteristics of qualitative research: How are population accessing a public health service? Why do certain programs fail? looking for a deeper understanding of the context, of discovering more insight into a particular phenomena or particular health issue gain insight into the meaning of particular decisions and action involves respondents as active participants in the research process process is more iterative, a fluid process researcher is an instrument of the process. provide insight into the decision-making process that is occurring as a participant of an intervention interpretive - findings are also emergent, rather than prestructured QUALITATIVE APPROACHES Data type: belief, attitudes, think and do Difference: depending on the research and how stigmatized the topic is, participants may not be willing or forthcoming enough use observation to be able to support what participants are telling you allows way to address social desirability participants tend to tell you what they think you want to hear gives you a little bit a better sense of the reality of the phenomena of the problem that you're interested in studying the success of a particular intervention or the failure of particular intervention stakeholders? the impact of specific or unfavorable political context why qualitative research? it is better and more effective implementation of evidence-based program
get a sense of the way people think about the particular issue and the contextual issues associated with t he implementation of a program fill the gap between research that prioritize observable measures look into social meaning because ultimately they will impact the success of our program social roles and network influence health-related decision Ex. decision-making in using family planning sometimes the decision-making is not made at the individual level

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