Week 8 Notes.docx - 8.2 Individual Interviewing Week 8 �...

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8.2 Individual Interviewing Week 8 · Qualitative Methods for Program Evaluation Interview Methods o Qualitative research – think about doing either individual interviews or focus groups Important to figure out which tool or which method in qualitative is most appropriate for health issues/study you are doing o Interviewing spectrum of more to less structured o If used, look at survey interviews, clinical history-taking and semi-structured that the guide is followed strictly and done more in public health o Have an interview guide to follow but open enough to allow participants to share their perspective o Within focus groups or semi-structured interviews, in-depth and group interviews Unstructured interviews – clinical interview goes over life history like childhood Ex. historians o Public health uses focus or semi-structured interviews Start with pre-defined guide that we use to do the work In-depth interviews, thinks about it as an exchange between one interviewer and one respondent/participant Interviewer Skills – need to develop conversational partnership – conversation with a purpose We want people to speak freely, but at the same time purpose to the conversation Encourage participant to take an active role in determining the flow and direction of the discussion o Ex. an issue in HIV interviews was the extent the individual would share, disclose their status with family. How to figure out when they are ready to have the conversation – we want participant to be active in determining the flow and direction of the discussion as we don’t want them to feel we get to the more difficult topic too soon Conversation generates empirical data by enabling or allowing the participant to talk freely Important to have mental agility, sensitivity and practice Can engage later in conversation critical questions Be able to recognize when the interview is getting more difficult for the participant The guide will have broad topics rather than detailed questionnaire that reach key areas to talk about Allows you to create structure without compromising important factor to have open exchange If we just do close-ended questions in a very structured interview, not qualitative research GOOD INTERVIEW AND BAD INTERVIEW PART 3 Scenario 1 Interviewer was really probing. And she was receiving just one-word answers that were not very descriptive, that did not give us any new insights
interviewee refused to budge from the position that whole experience was not a good experience, the health education worker did not do much for me, I was neglected from that interaction the interview was not productive because the rapport between the interviewer and the interviewee was not there data that we received was not very insightful: learned the father had a bad experience. But we did not really understand why.

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