Test 1 Review

Test 1 Review - Anthropology- study of humans, Arthropods-...

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Anthropology- study of humans, Arthropods- refers to man or human, ology- study of. Cultural Anthropology - the study of different human cultures, tries to document and understand the different cultures, there are groups that are applied anthropology and they join corporations. They seek to understand the corporate culture of the business, and they learn how different groups of people can work together even better. Linguistic Anthropology - the study of languages or communication that humans use. It is sometimes collapsed into cultural and most don’t consider it a Sub category. Can deconstruct languages and learn how people were related in the past and they can do this by looking at their languages like French and Spanish. Work backwards to see where the languages might have evolved into their own over time. Archaeology - study the material remains of past societi es a way of working out past cultures. Looking at what people leave behind is a way of gaining insight on the way that people live. Look at the tools, structures, good, and bones. Physical/Biological Anthropology - looks at our physical makeup, others look at what we do but biological looks at what we are, the study of human biology through the framework of evolution. Forensics- gathers evidence to learn about the body, crime scene finds a skeleton a forensic anthropology would be called in. Not like CSI where they don’t do fingerprints and chemicals. Main job is to identify individuals to the best of there individually and then determine the circumstances of how they died. Using the bone growth you can determine Skeletal Biology -- interested in the process in forming the skeleton. There is a lot that we can learn about the skeleton and what the skeleton can tell us about us. A sub category of Physical Biology. Different nutrients can change the bones, and it can tell us about what diet you have after looking at the bones. Looking at the nutrients you may be able to find what region a person may come from. Can also look at the growth and development, and our bones grow like every other piece of our body, tissue ECT. Primatology- the study of behavior of non-human primates. Humans are very similar to non-human primates. Genes we have 96-98% of the same genes to Chimps. This is why we use tests of non-human primates. Behaviorally certain primates have similarities to humans and beginning of humans behavior can be traced back to non- human primates Paleoanthropology- the study of the human fossil record, reconstructs the course of human evolution. Cell Types: Somatic - all cells but sex cells Gamete - sex cells, sperm cells and egg cells
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Cell Structure: Cell Membrane - encloses the whole thing Nucleus - within the nucleus is the entire nuclear DNA, contains the genetic component and then entire blueprint for us. Mitochondria
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course ANTH 2300 taught by Professor Durband during the Fall '07 term at Texas Tech.

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Test 1 Review - Anthropology- study of humans, Arthropods-...

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