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Unformatted text preview: East Asian Civ Final Study Guide MEA 134-167, 183-242, 272-302, 326-406; all Sources readings KOREA JUCH’E /SELF-RELIANCE (1955-present) North Korea’s political system is based on this, developed by Kim IlSong. Very nationalistic. Calls for assertion of Korean self-identity and total independence in all fields. Hailed as a practical and effective idea to resist the dominance of the world by the US and other Western powers. Because of this, not much is known about N Korea. Results: mismanagement of state economy, droughts/floods, famine. International efforts were necessary to relieve the starvation of much of the country. Kim Il-sung advanced Juche as a slogan in a December 28, 1955, speech titled "On Eliminating Dogmatism and Formalism and Establishing Juche in Ideological Work.” Chuche emphasized independence in political work, self-sustenance in economic endeavors, and self-defense in national defense. PARK CHUNG-HEE (1917-1979) President of Republic of Korea from 1961 to 1979. He has been credited with the modernization of the Republic of Korea through export-led growth and developmental dictatorship, but also criticized for human rights abuses during his extended presidency. He signed a treaty with Japan, so Korea received aid – then their economy really boomed (10% increase/year!) from $100 to $10,000/year per capita. This boost the moods of the people, made them more optimistic, which was very important. However, the press was censored and many who criticized his rule were imprisoned. Wages were kept low and union activities were curtailed. He didn’t want to be overtaken with communism, so he tried his hardest to get rid of poverty – and was very successful. TONGHAK REBELLION (1894) Donghak was a religion at first, but like other religions, also took on a political personality, this time against excess taxation, official corruption, and a national regime in decay. The peasants bore the brunt of the troubles of the China-Japan contest of who would have the most influence in Korea. The Korean government in Seoul asked for Chinese assistance in ending the revolt (by those peasants, who wanted relief from social and economic injustice and foreign domination). When China sent troops into Korea (by Korea’s request), Japan presented the Chinese dispatch as a justification to send in its own troops to Korea (not by Korea’s request). Thus, the Tonghak Rebellion served as the catalyst for China and Japan going to war in the First Sino-Japanese War, which Japan won, resulting in the Treaty of Shimonoseki. 1 of 6 JAPAN “THROWING OFF ASIA” [see website: http://ocw.mit.edu/ans7870/21f/21f.027j/throwing_off_asia/index.html ] Japan’s mid-19 th century adoption of an agenda of industrialization and “Westernization” is illustrated in wartime woodblock prints....
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This test prep was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course ASCE V2002 taught by Professor Ross during the Fall '06 term at Columbia.
- Fall '06