Final - Gericault Raft of the Medusa 1818-19 Neoclassical...

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Unformatted text preview: Gericault Raft of the Medusa 1818-19 Neoclassical male nude parthenon-marble like - emphasizes nobility of suffering Lower right corpse in water - does it have a head? maybe the men are desperately hungry cannibalism? Figure hoisted on shoulder of raftmates Heroic/pathetic signal to tiny ship in background Medusa military ship - story of men abandoned at sea they told story to opposition press everything bad about new restoration monarchy Gericault quintessential angry young man of this period Courbet Burial at Ornans 1849 Behind seemingly sloppy randomness, there is a curve echoing curves of landscape This hole at bottom is grave being dug extends towards us implicating us in image encourage us to think of ourselves as real physical bodies in the picture No noble heroism of neoclassical the people in this painting are just downright ugly Left wing (elected) fought to get a new cemetery Courbets painting is of the first burial in the new cemetery Avant-garde paintings: alliance between seemingly passive subject with hidden importance Manet Olympia 1863 (exhibited 1865) No picture which more influentially marks beginning of avant-garde subject, form Courtesan lying back on sofa (high end prostitute) Ornamented but naked, black cat (symbol of sexuality in 19th c), a bouquet of flowers wrapped in cheap newsprint (down payment for cheap sex) Manet uses older work of art to make his point - contrast with Venus of Urbino Stylistic confrontational quality made subject matter more offensive than already was Offensive - Paris was "sex capital of the world" so what is this saying about Paris? relationships? You are the customer Many caricatures of olympia made Daguerre Paris Boulevard c.1839, daguerrotype (metal negative/positive) First photograph Characteristic layout of boulevard long straight avenue, lined with very broad sidewalk lined with trees urban apartment buildings on either side 1839 first announcement of photograph Continuity of past image making and the era marked by 1839 Once made, others improved on it - simpler, cheaper, faster By 1853, 3 million photographs made a year in the US 95% were portraits The city not just a city but the quintessential modern city boulevard - the area that is the quintessence of the city Negre Henri Le Secq on Notre Dame Cathedral 1851, calotype (waxed paper negative, paper positive) author of photograph the flaneur on the balcony Make separate photo negative from photo positive From notre dame the prime vantage point to see Paris Merge the details into the patterns read the details Le Secq Harbor at Dieppe c.1855....
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Final - Gericault Raft of the Medusa 1818-19 Neoclassical...

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