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Unformatted text preview: History 151 September 13, 2011 Newcomers: Exploration Time of first contact referred to as a time of exploration North America was discovered for themselves not for the world Europeans would depend on First Nations assistance to survive Viking Voyages: 9 th to 12 century visited Eastern Canada via Greenland & Iceland The Muslim World: 1500s never visited North America because of they didnt have a need to explore and expand versus the Europeans who were looking for an alternate route to East Asia Chinese: had larger fleet of ships, explored more than Europe, then stopped exploring abruptly because of internal conflicts & adopting an isolated policy. They also had access to riches of Asia & Africa and didnt need to explore past that Europe: Portuguese, Spanish, English, French o 1453: Ottoman Turks capture city of Constantinople renaming it Istanbul European countries looked for alternative routes into Spice Trade Indies (Orient) China, Japan Indonesia, India Commodities (Spices, Gems, Furs, etc.) o 1492: Christopher Columbus (for Spain) o 1497: Vasco da Gama (for Porugal), found route to India around Africa o 1497: King Henry VII of England sent Giovanni Cabotto (John Cabbot) who landed at Newfoundland. He found large amounts of fish that were highly valuable in England Explorers of Canada o Lief & Thorvald Eiriksson (1001-1003) o John Cabbot (1497) o Joao Fernandes (1499) o Gaspar Corte Real (1500) o Giovanni da Verrazzano (1524) o Jacques Cartier (1534) September 15, 2011 Early French Canada o Jacques Cartier 1534: Baie des Chaleurs, Mikmaq, Gaspe, St. Lawrence, Iroquoians, Chief Donnacona 1535-36: Stadacona (Quebec City) & Hochelaga (Montreal- Mount Royal) 1541-42: Jean-Francois de la Rocque de Roberval o What can be seen as truth, and what are the different perspectives Acadia, 1604-1627 o Henri IV- Edict of Nantes in 1598 o Pierre du Gua de Monts o 1604: Island settlement at St. Croix o 1606- settlement of Port Royal o Jean de Biencourt, Seigneur de Poutrincourt o Marc Lescarbot o Charles de Biencourt (Poutrincourts son) o Charles La Tour o Grand Chief Membertou Quebec, 1608-1627 o Tadoussac (trading post, 1559) o Algonquin, Innu, Maliseet-> Algonquian People o Pierre Du Gua de Monts o Samuel de Champlain, Quebec City 1608 o Physical Structure o Quebec City: defendable, close to fresh water source o Relations with Algonquins, Innu & Huron o Etienne Brule & Savigion Savage meant unchristian by French September 20, 2011 New France: 1632-1701 How did the French Colony survive? What was essential for securing the colony? New France, 1627-1632 o Samuel de Champlain o 1627: Quebec population: 107 Louis XIII, Cardinal Richelieu o Company of 100 associates o David Kirke & his brothers- merchants attack & capture Tadoussac trading post near Quebec City 1629: Surrender of Quebec o 1632: Treaty of St. Germain en Laye New France, 1632-1663...
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