Psych101_1-24-08 - 1 Different fields of psychology are...

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January 25, 2008 1. Different fields of psychology are just like different countries. a. New terms in each field of psychology. i. Similar to learning new language in new country b. Psychology: The scientific study of behavior and mental processes. “Scientific” means… Beliefs are based on empirical evidence-careful systematic observations. i. Psychology studies behaviors of all organisms ii. Psychology observes normal and abnormal behavior. iii. The larger part of psychology deals with normal processes of every day life. c. Psychiatry: The branch of medicine concerned with the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of mental disorders. Most similar to clinical psychology. i. It is a specialization of psychology to prevent/treat mental problems. ii. Studies/observes the design of psychological tests. iii. Able to prescribe drugs to patients. iv. Clinical psychiatrists have no medical authority. d. Psychotherapy: the treatment of psychological disorders using psychological rather than biological methods. i. Have predisposition to favor administering drugs where they see to be relevant. ii. Having conversations is one of the treatments within psychotherapy iii. Conditioning techniques: a technique of repetition to overcome their problem. e. Psychoanalysis: a field introduced my Sigmund Freud, in the early 1900s, consisting of a theory of personality and a method of psychotherapy; emphasizes the unconscious mind. i. Interconnects different topics. ii. A treatment of psychotherapy applies to an aspect of personality. iii. “Much of the time our behavior, thoughts, and feelings are motivated by unconscious behavior.” 1. Unaware of the unconscious.
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2. Unconscious motivation a. All constructive behavior is due to unconscious sexual motivation; gratifying it. b. Our behavior is symbolic with deeper goals 2. Some specialty areas within psychology a. Clinical psychology: concerned with the diagnosis and treatment of relatively severe mental and behavioral disorders. [phd] b. Counseling Psychology: deals with problems of adjustment in everday life (marital, Social, occupational). [masters] c. Developmental Psychology: focuses on how people change and grow over the lifespan-infancy, childhood (child psychology), adolescence, adulthood, and old age (gerontology). d. Social Psychology: studies how indiviual’s thoughts, feelings, and behavior are affected by other people. Industrial/Organizational Psychology (I/O): focuses on behavior in workplace). i. [consumer psychology]>where people buy stuff and whatnot. (trends) e. Psychometrics: designs tests to measure mental abilities, personality traits, and symptoms of psychological disorders. Scientific Versus Nonscientific Psychological Analysis 1. How To Win Friends And Influence People ” by Dale Carnegie. a. Makes broad sweeping statements about human nature, like “nobody ever blames himself for anything.” b. Relies on Historical events and personal experiences to support his views. Reasons to be skeptical: i. Bias : He only presents examples that support his views.
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