Mexico shows both types of workers as being seriously

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Unformatted text preview: ing the same international PPP line. We choose to consider extreme poverty as PPP $2 a day, because that is the round figure that minimizes the distance from the observed national extreme poverty lines. Similarly, we choose to consider moderate poverty as PPP $4 a day for the dame reason. However, this does not mean that all countries should necessarily use the $2 a day or $4 a day PPP lines. Nicaragua may want to compare their poverty situation to that of other countries using a PPP $1.25 a day line that more closely approximates their 72 own particular national poverty line. Mexico may choose a different one. The important point is to use the same PPP $ a day international poverty line consistently across all comparisons. The following three graphs illustrate the relation between GDP per capita in PPP terms and the PPP $ a day equivalent to the national poverty line, national extreme poverty line and the ratio of the moderate to extreme poverty line. The graphs show that there is more variation across countries in the PPP $ a day equivalent of the national poverty lines than there is of the extreme poverty lines. 73 74 Annex 2. Trends in Regional Poverty and Growth in GDP per Capita Figure A.2: Evolution of poverty and GDP East Asia ‐ 2USD a day East Asia ‐ 4USD a day 100.0 5000 5000 90.0 4000 60.0 2000 50.0 Headcount Poverty Rate 3000 70.0 90.0 constant 2005 international $ Headcount Poverty Rate 4000 80.0 constant 2005 international $ 100.0 3000 80.0 2000 70.0 1000 1000 40.0 60.0 30.0 1982 1984 1986 1988 1990 1992 1994 1996 1998 2000 2002 0 1980 0 1980 1982 1984 1986 1988 4 USD a day 2 USD a day 1990 1992 1994 1996 1998 2000 2002 2004 2004 GDP per capita, PPP (constant 2005 international $) ECA‐ 2USD a day GDP per capita, PPP (constant 2005 international $) ECA‐ 4USD a day 50.0 45.0 10000 10000 9000 40.0 8000 35.0 7000 30.0 20.0 6000 16.0 9000 8000 10.0 8.0 7000 Headcount Poverty Rate 12.0 constant 2005 international $ Headcount Poverty Rate 14.0 constant 2005 international $ 18.0 6.0 4.0 6000 2.0 25.0 0.0 5000 1989 1991 1993 1995 1997 2 USD a day 1999 2001 2003 5000 1989 1991 1993 1995 1997 1999 2001 2003 2005 2005 4 USD a day GDP per capita, PPP (constant 2005 international $) Middle East and North Africa‐ 2USD a day GDP per capita, PPP (constant 2005 international $) Middle East and North Africa‐ 4USD a day 70.0 29.0 68.0 21.0 5000 64.0 62.0 60.0 58.0 5000 56.0 constant 2005 international $ 23.0 Headcount Poverty Rate 25.0 6000 66.0 6000 constant 2005 international $ Headcount Poverty Rate 27.0 54.0 19.0 52.0 17.0 50.0 4000 1980 15.0 1982 1984 1986 1988 2 USD a day 1990 1992 1994 1996 1998 2000 2002 1984 1986 1988 4 USD a day 2004 GDP per capita, PPP (constant 2005 international $) Sub‐Saharan Africa‐ 2USD a day 1990 1992 1994 1996 1998 2000 2002 2004 GDP per capita, PPP (constant 2005 international $) Sub‐Saharan Africa‐ 4USD a day 80.0 100.0 1900 99.0 1900 79.0 75.0 74.0 73.0 1300 constant 2005 international $ 1600 76.0 Head...
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This document was uploaded on 11/14/2013.

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