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american popular music

american popular music - Chapter 1 A Multicultural Approach...

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Chapter 1: A Multicultural Approach to Popular Music  Appreciation 29/01/2008 00:10:00 Culture – a powerful process that is integral to what makes us human. “ever-changing values, traditions, social and political relationships, and world  view shared by a group of people bound together by a combin. Of factors that can  include common history, language, social class and/or religion” -music, food, clothing, etc attitudes, communication styles, thinking patterns hybridity music – medium for understanding cultural hybridity, also acts as political  medium communication – barriers in communications- sterotypes related to culture and  music culture used to mean class- high class, educated, now culture is like civilization,  every group has its own culture MUSIC IN A MULTICULTURAL SOCIETY     dominant culture- one that is more powerful than other groups, stands at center  of society Eurocentrism- dominant center of culture- white, upper-middle-class,  heterosexual male perspectives subordinate culture- lack access to power and resources popular culture- the mass cultural forms of everyday life canon- the body of cultural knowledge that is said to be important for an educated or  cultured person to know borderlands- spaces between cultures where people do not belong fully to one culture  or another, or may ID with multiple cultures crossover- when a song or musician associated with one style takes on the  characteristics of another style and achieves popularity in two or more genres music – collective dialogue stretched out over years music and identity – the music you listen to may infuence by how you ID yourself, or  how you ID yourself might determine what music you listen to
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DEVELOPING A POPULAR MUSIC VOCABULARY Rhythm- arrangement of time in music comprised of 4 elements: o beat- underlying pulse of rhythm o tempo- speed of beat ritard-slow down at end of song rubato- relaxed, less strict rhythm o measure- consistent grouping of beats in time o meter- the way the beats are grouped, or number of beats per  measure waltz, triple meter, quadruple meter, backbeat(1, 2 ,3, 4 ) syncopation – rhythms that place accent off the expected beat Melody- intervals- distances in pitch btwn 2 notes; hook- catchy melody, rhythm,  or lyric Lyrics- scat singing- use of nonsense improvised syllables Harmony- 
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Chapter 2: African Roots 29/01/2008 00:10:00 vernacular music- they existed as fold or traditional music played in communities  as a part of everyday life
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