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philosophy104-kant - Rachel W Smith Kant Immanuel Kant...

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Rachel W. Smith 10-22-06 Kant Immanuel Kant sought the universal laws for morality not dictated by culture. He wanted to normalize everything under a set of laws that were based on reason rather than experience. This is referred to as a priori, statements or things which are true independent of experiences. Regardless of how much one knows about a situation, they can deduce the answer using pure logic and rationality. According to Kant the concepts of duty and goodwill are fundamental to morality. Goodwill, though not clearly defined by Kant is the only thing which is good in and of its self. People should make decisions not based on happiness, or pleasure, but rather on rationality and reasoning. These decisions are made out of duty; either to the law, a moral law, or goodwill so as to gain inner moral value. Regardless of why, precisely, duty and goodwill are key in determining morality. From the previous logic Kant derived the following law, the Categorical Imperative. This
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