bible final exam review

bible final exam review - Jodi Krakower Lit & Arts C-70...

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Jodi Krakower Final Exam Review Week 7 – From Pesach to Pasch, from Sacrifice to Seder I Biblical Texts - Exodus o 12-13 Festival of Passover Passover is festival of remembrance God “passed over” all Jews’ homes during the tenth plague “seven days you shall eat unleavened bread” No yeast b/c bread didn’t have time to rise 14 th day of the first month o 23:14-19 Passover is one of the 3 festivals per year that a Jew must honor Also mentioned in Ex 34:18-26 - Leviticus o 23:4-8 Passover as the beginning of the harvest 1 st day = “holy convocation” Seder For 7 days, present the Lord’s offerings by fire Not allowed to work (like the Sabbath) - Numbers o 28:16-25 - Deuteronomy o 16:1-8 pesach and matzah festival are one and the same Pesach offered on the 1 st day Pesach slaughtered and eaten at central shrine Followed by 6 days of eating matzah Conflation of Pesach (“pass over”) and Matzah (“unleavened bread”) Festival - Torah often conflates pesach with matzah festival - Variations in dates sometimes given, sometimes not given - Variations show inevitability of exegesis - Documentary hypothesis to explain conflation of festivals o Pesach sacrifice is agrarian and apotropaic Matzah festival also agrarian celebration of cycle of planting- harvesting o Pesach festival is family based Matzah festival was pilgrimage festival o both pesach and matzah get “historicized” by being associated with exodus from Egypt The Ritual According to Exodus 12-13
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- occurs on 14 th day of first month - blood manipulation - involves real food (paschal lamb) and symbolic foods (bitter herms) - matzah has historical explanation Jews in a hurry to leave Egypt and did not have time to let dough rise fully The Seder (“order”) - Torah doesn’t specifically say to have a Seder, but provides basis for later development - Meal eaten and ritual performed on 1 st night of Passover - o Text used is haggadah - mishnah has basic outlines of the Seder o 4 cups of wine o Appetizers (matzah, lettuce, haroset) o Instruction (4 questions), scriptural exegesis R. Gamliel “whoever does not mention these 3 things on Passover does not fulfill his obligation” Passover-sacrifice (God passed over the houses of our fathers in Egypt) Unleavened bread (redemption from Egypt) Bitter herb (life in Egypt was bitter) o Meal o Hymns of praise (daiyenu “it would have been enough”) - mishnah has 2 key theological ideas 1) vicarious experience: we feel as though we personally had been taken out of Egypt by the hand of God 2) redemption from Egypt prefigures future redemption - post-mishnaic additions o additional symbolic foods salt water, Seder plate, haroset o “the four sons” o Cup of Elijah o Songs at the end - Does mishnaic Seder predate 70 CE? o
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course LIT & ARTS C-70 taught by Professor Cohen during the Spring '06 term at Harvard.

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bible final exam review - Jodi Krakower Lit & Arts C-70...

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