MR 22 - lecture 2 - 9-21-05

MR 22 - lecture 2 - 9-21-05 - MR 22 Lecture #2 September...

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MR 22 Lecture #2 – September 21, 2005 The Queen v. Dudley and Stephens Consequentialist Moral Theory - Philosophy of utilitarianism - Maximizing utility (balance of pleasure over pain, happiness over suffering) - All human beings are governed by 2 sovereign maxims: pain and pleasure - Human beings like pleasure and dislike pain - “the greatest good for the greatest number” Queen v. Dudley and Stephens (ex. of Utilitarianism) - summary of story o told by 3 survivors of crew o one crew member was killed – Richard Parker, an orphan, late teens o wave hit ship and 4 crewmembers escaped to lifeboat o only had 2 cans of preserved turnips o barely any food or water o youngest member, Parker, appeared to be dying o on 19 th day, Dudley suggested lottery to see who would die to save the rest Brooks disagreed, so no lot was drawn o Brooks suggested that Parker should die, so they killed him o Fed on the body of Parker for 4 days and were then rescued on 24 th day o 3 men arrested and tried
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MR 22 - lecture 2 - 9-21-05 - MR 22 Lecture #2 September...

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