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Unformatted text preview: Jodi Krakower MR 22 Justice Lecture # 6 Locke's Property Rights October 12, 2005 John Locke Second Treatise of Government (1690) State of Nature - people have `natural' rights o people have rights before government and before law - human beings are free o sect. 6 "state of nature is a state of liberty" human beings are naturally free no hierarchy there is a difference between a state of liberty and a state of license "state of nature has a law of nature to govern it" Law of nature confines what we can do - constraints under the law of nature o we are not free to take other people's lives, liberty, or property, NOR are we free to take our own lives, liberty, or property - reasons for the state of nature 1) God we are His property (preachers of God) - unalienable rights: life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness o creates a tension between libertarian account and Property - sect. 27 Private Property o property arises in 3 steps every man has a property in his own person every person owns his own labor so, everything that we do with our labor becomes our property - PERSON LABOR FRUITS OF LABOR (acorns, land) - Sect. 32 Property in Land o Acquired in the same way as our `fruits of labor' Legitimate Government 1) Consent 2) limited government o gov't is limited b/c we have natural rights before gov't ...
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course MORAL REAS 22 taught by Professor Sandel during the Fall '05 term at Harvard.
- Fall '05