2007FINALEXAMIDS - LAB 20 Final IDs Los Angeles"ultimate...

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LAB 20 Final ID’s Los Angeles: “ultimate triumph of Civilization” - Continuous ribbon of development limited by ocean and mountains - Infrastructure: o seen as plentiful but is unsustainable o water aquaduct system o highways/automobiles: creation of billboards, multi level connections and rapid transport (1.2 cars/person) Old image : classless society, melting pot utopia New image: overwhelming immigrant culture ethnic sturggles, growth problems Paradoxes: 1. meca for trendsetting/life management but homogenizes US culture 2. example of sprawl but produces new ideas for urbanization 3. city as commodity (sell image to US, europeans “window into American culture) but issues of culture, reality, illusion 4. seen as plentiful but needs significant infrastructure to grow Las Vegas : Supplant LA as laboratory for emerging pattern so US culture? - First as a RR town later incorporated as a city - most jobs in service industry - gambling/quick divorce leaglized in 1930, FDR creates jobs for Hoover Dam - 1940 Government recognizes Nevada as airforce base center - fastest growing city in US, rapid growth and diversification from mid 1980s onward (from vice to nice) became family destination Summerlin : US’s largest master-planned community (70,000), provides all ammenities (church, schools, parks, golf course), 1/3 gated subdistricts, low land value so development costs are low Hickey’s Las Vegas vs Santa Fe : the rhinestone vs. the fake pearl LV” real fakery,” for middle class, invented by RR, perpetual newness SF: “fake reality” for professionals, invented as a tourist destinations, preseve the old Worrisome characteristics : ignores history, lives on borrowed time, air pollution/smog in valley, degredation in desert/landscape, minimum collection of public facilities (colleges, libraries), homogenize metro centers, dependent on tourism so no interest in those who live there, constant need for upgrade, authenticity
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Skyscrapers: 20 th Century American phenomenon: Paradox: triumphant symbol of pride and nationalism while unwelcome intruder Orginated in Chicago (1870-1910) 1915: Equitable Building (2 towers) in NYC spurred the City to place restriction of form and location of skyscrapers Advantages: - urban aggregation - operationsl centralization - economic concentration - high density, response to rising downtown land vlaues - high profile emblem for corporations Disadvantages: - environmental harm (no sunlight, crowding on street) - banal expression of Capitalism/bureaucracy - inhumane work conditions Zoning : 19 th century shift toward function; City Beautiful City Scientific Before zoning, everything based on building codes (number of stories, windows, rooms) Based on idea that private property owner must yield to public control - actions effect your neighbors: control the neighbors so his actions don’t effect the value of your land, yield private ownership to public interest ( protective not restrictive ) - ex: Roland Park o early informal zoning effect: landowners had to abide by rules
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2007FINALEXAMIDS - LAB 20 Final IDs Los Angeles"ultimate...

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