section 4-24 notes

section 4-24 notes - WEEK 11 Managing the Modern Metropolis...

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WEEK 11 – Managing the Modern Metropolis 1. Given our discussion on urban planning and design in this course, how should New Orleans rebuild given its continuing vulnerability to environmental conditions? Is it wise to rebuild? 2. Who should pay for large scale infrastructure projects? Local, state, and/or federal government? 3. How much authority should we place into the hands of "experts"? Berman – “All that is Solid Melts into Air” - massive construction has made the Bronx an urban nightmare: with drugs, gangs, garbage, abandoned buildings, etc - Cross Bronx Expressway in the 1950s century, which went through the center of the borough where he grew up in, forcing thousands of people out of their homes o changed the landscape of the Bronx for the worst, most of the borough now laid in ruins, and the adjacent streets to the new road now suffered from fumes and deafening noise o buildings which were occupied for 20 years were abandoned overnight. - Moses = quasi mythological being, due to the reputation his cruelty, visionary brilliance, obsessive energy and megalomaniac ambition brought him o ability to convince the people that his works represented modernity and human progress, and that opposing them would be like opposing history and progress, which seemed impossible for New Yorkers to do. o center of the Bronx was characterized by simple but beautiful art deco buildings, along a grand concourse that resembled a Parisian boulevard, and how it was all wrecked by Moses and his gang. - Moses’ works which led to the Cross Bronx Expressway. o Jones Beach State Park: beach in Long Island spectacular display of the primary forms of nature: earth, sun, water and sky. Nature appears with abstract horizontal purity and luminous clarity. Constructed in a former swamp and wasteland. Not commercialized, serene ambience of Mediterranean romantic landscape. Nice contrast to the cities skyscrapers. o The northern and southern state parkways gentle flowing, artfully landscaped roads, in an artificially created environment. Can only be experienced in cars, buses couldn’t pass under low underpasses.
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Moses did this as a means of social screening to prevent people who didn’t own cars from using it. - In the 1930s construction went from being a private to a public ordeal, now people saw how their lives could be enriched by public works, not just for a few but for the people as a whole. - after receiving public acclaim for his parks, he had a springboard to start building the highways, parks, and bridges that would reshape NYC. o Moses creates the city that most New Yorkers today think of as home o breakthrough in modernist vision and thought o 1939-1940, World's Fair, envisioned what Moses would set in place, expressways, etc one of his crowning achievements-- turning the Flushing ash heaps into a park "He loves the public, but not as people" Indifferent to his projects on actual people, but loves "the public" -harsh perspective,
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section 4-24 notes - WEEK 11 Managing the Modern Metropolis...

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