chapter 2 l201 - Chapter 2 Courts and Procedure and ADRs...

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Chapter 2 Courts and Procedure and ADRs Purpose of courts   o Enforcers  (determine if rules have been violated and action to be taken) Rights without effective enforcement are meaningless o Lawmakers:   common law o Interpreters  - statutes, constitutions (power of judicial review) Power of judicial review : determine whether actions of the  executive branch and legislative branch are constitutional. Authority to throw it out Limits on courts   o Check and balances  (selection of judges, impeachment, election, recall,  legislation) Can revise statutes and amend the constitution Ways to take actions against judges who act wrongly Checks on Executive Branch and Legislative branch If it is a constitutional issue, that the judicial review has made,  there might be amendments Checks on judiciary review Judge selection Improper conduct by judge –impeachment and can be  voted out of office. o No advisory opinions or moot questions -only actual disputes by someone  with standing to sue. If there is no real case, the court will not consider it In United States law, a matter is moot if further legal proceedings  with regard to it can have no effect, or events have placed it  beyond the reach of the law. Thereby the matter has been  deprived of practical significance or rendered purely academic. Standing to sue: party who sues must have standing to sue. Only person impacted by action/law can sue Parties may provide financial support. Structure of Federal and State Courts o Tri-level o Federal system  Court of Appeal  US District Courts o Court of original jurisdiction (Monroe County Circuit Court)
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o Intermediate courts of Appeals: Indiana court of appeals o Highest Appeals: Indiana Supreme Court o State courts: the United States has 52 court systems- a federal system. Courts of Limited Jurisdiction: Find the relevant facts, identify the appropriate rule(s), and combine the facts and the law to reach a decision Minor criminal and civil disputes involving small amounts of money or specialized matters Informal procedures Not courts of record (no transcript of the proceedings) Appeals require a new trial Court of Original Jurisdiction: Monroe country circuit court Superior court County courts Trial Courts Differ from inferior courts in two ways. o Not governed by subject matter restrictions or the limit on civil damages or criminal penilties that govern courts of limited jurisdiction Cases involve significant dollar amounts or major criminal penalties. o
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course BUS L201 taught by Professor Engber during the Spring '08 term at University of Michigan.

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chapter 2 l201 - Chapter 2 Courts and Procedure and ADRs...

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