Religion Test Study Guide 11-30-07

Religion Test Study Guide 11-30-07 - Religion Test Study...

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Religion Test Study Guide ~ 29 November 2007 Essay Questions 1. Discuss 2 of the major stages in the development of the Black Church in the U.S. and indicate the place of Christianity during each. a. Period 1 – Slave trade i. Gradual emergence of common identity ii. Plantation system – invisible institution b. Period 2 – 19 th Century i. Go to church with masters ii. Have their own sermons – submissiveness iii. Their own place to sit in the church 2. Identify and discuss three of the major characteristics of the contemporary Black Church presented by Phelps. a. Community central i. Solidarity ii. Community shapes everything iii. Common worship b. Music i. The way to get through the day ii. resonates in their services c. Strong Biblical Character i. Dynamic preaching of the minister ii. Starting point of sermons is the word of God iii. Relate bible to meaning of their life iv. affirmation 3. Identify and explain three major social changes of the 19 th century that prepared the background for the rise of fundamentalism. a. Civil War imagery i. Ex: battle hymn of the Republic ii. Undercurrent of patriotism iii. God will save the U.S. b. Reform Movements i. Anti-slavery ii. Women’s rights iii. Christian ideals fueling those movements c. Post Civil War i. Protestantism flourishing 1. Freed slaves are converting 2. Traveling converters ii. McGuffy Readers 1. Text books for kids 2. Stories with virtues and American values 4. Discuss the origins of the Fundamentalist movement in the U.S. in the late 19 th century, including three specific factors that gave rise to it. a. New styles of biblical study – verbatim, biblical infallibility b. Shifting morals
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i. Concern over immorality ii. Call to gospel life / evangelism c. Women’s issues i. Role of women in society ii. Pro-womens rights - pro d. Threats to “Christian Civilization” 5. Discuss the goal of the Ecumenical Movement and give four of the principles of dialogue that Weigel and Brown suggest are necessary for productive dialogue. a. Goal: unite all christains, cross denominational b. Instigate dialogue between denominations for a better understanding of the other Christians c. Ground Rules i. Belief that the other is speaking in good faith ii. Have a clear understanding of your own faith iii. Strive for a clear understanding of someone else’s faith iv. Off dialogue up to God and it has to be left in God’s hands d. Fear of Ecumenism - faith will become watered down in an effort to compromise African-American Religious Tradition 1. 17 th -18 th Centuries: slave trade as dominating the period a. The “middle passage” – transatlantic journey, overcrowding ships b. “official: end of slave trade vs. reality – 1805 c. Gradual emergence of a common identity i. Invisible institution – listening to bible in the house and sharing it with the other slaves ii. Have “church” out in the forest where the slave owner couldn’t hear or see it d. Religious character emerging 2. 19 th
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Religion Test Study Guide 11-30-07 - Religion Test Study...

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