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ESSAY ASSIGNMENT CPHL 214 – Critical Thinking I MUHAMMAD SHEIKH PROFESSOR THOMAS HART JULY 22, 2016
Essay Assignment The challenge of argument as explained by Trudy Govier in “A Practical Study of Argument” is to construct and respond to arguments in ways that are appropriate to the structure of an arguer putting forward an argument that does the following: 1. Asserts the premises, 2. Asserts that if the premises are acceptable the conclusion is acceptable, and 3. Asserts the conclusion. The purpose of this essay is to analyze 3 dialogues in which the first character gives an argument and the second character responds to it. The analysis will be for the second character’s response meeting the challenge of argument or not with the indication and basis for the answer, as well as the analysis of the ARG conditions of both sides of the argument. The analysis for the challenge of argument and the ARG conditions will be done for the first dialogue between Jim and Roger, then the second dialogue between Steve and Peter, and finally the third dialogue between Nicholas and Kaitlyn. The first dialogue to be analyzed is the dialogue between Jim and Roger which is as follows: Jim: A mediator should be completely neutral between the two parties in a dispute. If he or she is on the side of either party, the process will be unfair to the other party. In addition, the disadvantaged party will probably detect the lack of neutrality and then the mediation won’t work. Neutrality is probably the most essential of all qualities for a mediator to have. And because the United States is the world’s only superpower, it will never be perceived as neutral. The idea that the United States can go in and mediate in the conflict between Israelis and Palestinians is completely stupid! Roger: I don’t think so. It’s the one country capable of bringing pressure on both sides, and that’s the most fundamental thing. The case above is one in which the second character Roger does not meet the challenge of argument. The indication of this is when Roger fails a key element of cause of argument by disregarding Jim’s premise when he states his response “I don’t’ think so.”. Roger continues on
his response to state his own reasoning and fails to rebuttal any points that Jim makes. To analyze the ARG conditions the standardized form of Jim’s argument is: 1. A mediator should be completely neutral between the two parties in a dispute 2. The United States is the world’s only superpower, it will never be perceived as neutral. Therefore, 3. The United States cannot go in and mediate in the conflict between Israelis and Palestinians. The A condition for Jim’s argument is met because it is acceptable due to the argument following a logical flow and the first and second premise are linked. The first premise and second premise are both common knowledge as

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