W05. End of the Cold War - PSCI 131 American Foreign Policy...

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PSCI 131: American Foreign Policy Discussion Handout: Week 5 Cold War II & End of the Cold War and US Foreign Policy Key Terms: - Almond-Lippmann Consensus - Opinion Leaders - “CNN Effect” - The Vietnam War - Mood Landing - Jimmy Carter - Ronald Reagan - George H.W. Bush - New World Order - Mikhail Gorbachev - Detente - Enterprise for the Americas Initiative (EAI) - North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) - Democratic Enlargement - Saddam Hussein - Gulf War - Tiananmen Square - Somalia - Selective liberal democratic internationalism - Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe (CSCE) - Bosnia - Boris Yeltsin Discussion Questions: 1. How important is public support for executing foreign policy? Are certain spheres of foreign policy more reliant on public support than others? How might government officials use the media to advance their arguments? 2. With the rise of “new media,” such as web-based magazines and blogging, do you think that there is any change in the extent to which
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Unformatted text preview: public opinion influences foreign policy? How might “new media” affect the salience of the “CNN effect”? 3. Compare and contrast Jimmy Carter’s position on the proper foundation for foreign policy with the positions laid out by Mead and McDougall. Since 1980, does it appear that foreign policy has followed a Carteresque philosophy, or something else? 4. According to Smith, there were three major attitudes toward the value of democratic enlargement as a road map of U.S. foreign policy. What 1 were these attitudes, and which of them has better served American interests? 5. Krauthammer argues that there were three principal misconceptions regarding the post-Cold War security agreement, namely a return to multipolarity, a domestic American consensus for internationalist foreign policy, and a drastically diminished threat of war. Why did he believe these beliefs were erroneous and was he correct? 2...
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