119 Chapter 8 - Hormonal & Reproductive...

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Unformatted text preview: Hormonal & Reproductive Connections Chapter 8 Sex & Gender: An Introduction (5 th Edition) Hilary M. Lips Are there cycles besides the menstrual cycle that might be linked to emotions or behavior in both women and men? Chapter 8 examines research that asks : What hormonal changes take place during the menstrual cycle? Are these hormonal changes related to changes in a womans emotions? Behavior? Sensory processes? Cognitive performance? What is PMS and how many women does it affect? Are there cycles besides the menstrual cycle that might be linked to emotions or behavior in both women and men? Chapter 8 examines research that asks : How does pregnancy affect women physically and emotionallyand are these effects shaped by a womens culture? Do expectant fathers have emotional symptoms? What influence does our culture have on the experience of the menstrual cycle? Do men have hormonal cycles too? Are there cycles besides the menstrual cycle that might be linked to emotions or behavior in both women and men? Chapter 8 examines research that asks : How does the experience of childbirth affect women and their partners? What about postpartum depression? What is the psychological impact of abortion? What hormonal changes happen during menopause, and what kinds of physical and psychological changes occur at the same time? What is male menopause? Hormones-Women Cyclic patterns involving the 1. ovaries, 2. the pituitary gland and the 3.hypothalamus. 1.Ovaries are regulated by the pituitary gland. 2.The pituitary gland is regulated by the hypothalamus. The ovaries produce the sex hormones estrogen and progesterone. 3. The hypothalamus responds to the levels of hormones produced by the ovaries (estrogen and progesterone. Follicular phase Ovaries are regulated by the pituitary gland = The pituitary secretes follicle stimulating hormone (FSH). This stimulates a follicle in one of the ovaries to secrete estrogen and to bring an egg to maturity. Ovulation 1. Follicle ruptures to release the mature egg. 2. Estrogen level is now high. 3. This stimulates the hypothalamus to produce LH-releaser, which causes the pituitary to produce LH ( l uteinising h ormone). 4. Estrogen level is now high, which inhibits the FSH (f ollicle s timulating h ormone). 5. High level of estrogen stimulate the lining of the uterus the thicken and form glands that will secrete substances to nourish the embryo if conception occurs. Luteal Phase 1. LH ( l uteinising h ormone) stimulates the follicle to turn into a glandular mass of cells called corpus luteum. 2. Corpus luteum produces progesterone....
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119 Chapter 8 - Hormonal & Reproductive...

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