PS220_Governors

PS220_Governors - I. Are Governors Important in the...

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I. Are Governors Important in the national scene? - until recently governors played a very limited role at the national level. - today governors are more influential in national policy - in particular they are important in nominating presidents. Governors that support  a  certain candidate receive huge advantages in campaign contributions.   Governors that endorse  a candidate can actively support a candidate in their home  state. - though the National Governors Association, governors have helped push for  welfare,  education, and Medicaid reforms.  Governors are more likely to work  across partisan lines  than are congressional members. II. The Office of Governor A. History of the Office - when the English controlled the colonies the English appointed governors  were some of the most corrupt and hated individuals by the colonists.  For this reason, after the  Revolution states entrusted their legislature to nominate the governor.  State constitutions were  designed to give power to the legislature and to make the governor subservient to it.  Over time the  power of the governor has increased.  Governors were able to receive longer terms, and the veto  power. In the 1900s, after the American government had become corrupted in its own right, the  Progressive movement was born.  Progressives sought the reform of state governments.  One of  the primary things they wanted to rectify was the weak executive branch in most states.  Thus,  constitutions eventually were changed to allow governors more power.  Progressive reforms also  shook up the bureaucracy which enabled governors in theory to have a more stream lined control. B. Governors of Today - being a governor is a highly stressful and emotionally and physically  draining job.  However, today’s governors are generally better qualified, with better education and  more years experience in public office than governors of the past.  Most served some time in the  state legislature.  Others were former lawyers, mayors, or congressional members.  Governorships  are more representative of their constituents than in the past.  There are more female and minority  governors today than there ever has been in the past. III The Gubernatorial Campaign  Running for governor like running for other high profile government jobs in the US has become  exceedingly expensive.  Candidates can no longer count on just their party for funds, but most  reach out to private donors.  Some governor races can run in excess of the millions, as was the  case in New York.  
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course POLS 220 taught by Professor Birch during the Spring '07 term at WVU.

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PS220_Governors - I. Are Governors Important in the...

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