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Unformatted text preview: Current Moral Problems Lecture February 1 A Defense of “Speciesism” Carl Cohen: “The Case for the Use of Animals in Biomedical Research” Cohen Critiques two Arguments Against Using Non-human Animals for Research A rights argument (e.g., Regan) Research is ethically wrong insofar as it violates the rights of non-human animals. A utilitarian argument (e.g., Singer) Research is ethically wrong insofar as it causes non-human animals to experience pain, discomfort, etc. Cohen’s Critique of the Rights Argument Research cannot violate the rights of non-human animals because they do not have any rights. Cohen’s Analysis of Rights Rights are moral claims : Rights are “claims, or potential claims, within a community of moral agents” (SE, p. 504). The capacity to make moral claims is a necessary condition of possessing rights: “Rights arise, and can be intelligibly defended, only among beings who actually do, or can,...
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- Fall '08
- nonhuman animals, Carl Cohen