January+30 - Current Moral Problems Lecture January 30...

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Current Moral Problems Lecture January 30 Non-Human Animals and Ethics Do non-human animals have rights? Do humans have ethical obligations toward non-human animals? Possible Answers No: Humans have no ethical obligations toward non-human animals. Yes: Humans have (some) ethical obligations toward non-human animals. Much weaker (Cohen) Weaker (Warren) Similar strength Singer: Equal consideration of interests Regan: Equal inherent value An Argument for “Equal Consideration” Peter Singer: “All Animals are Equal” Singer’s Position “[I]f we examine more deeply the basis on which our opposition to discrimination on  grounds of race or sex ultimately rests, we will see that we would be on shaky ground if we were to  demand equality for blacks, women, and other groups of oppressed humans while denying equal  consideration to nonhumans” (SE, p. 483). Why are Racism and Sexism Wrong? One answer: They violate the principle of equality because all humans, no matter what their race or sex,  are equal . 1
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Are all Humans  Equal  ? Aren’t there countless respects in which humans are  unequal ? Examples of Inequalities Intelligence Talent and abilities Wealth Health Appearance Strength Virtue A Possible Response Such inequalities do not correspond to racial and gender differences. Therefore, racism and sexism are wrong because they are based on the false assumption 
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course PHIL 130 taught by Professor Ernanimaghalhaes during the Fall '08 term at WVU.

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January+30 - Current Moral Problems Lecture January 30...

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