Chapters 4-6 Outline

Chapters 4-6 Outline - Political Science 260 Chapters 4-6...

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Political Science 260: Chapters 4-6 Outline 1. Chapter Four: Liberalism 1. Basic Liberal Assumptions 1. The Liberal Tradition in International Relations: closely connected with the emergence of the modern liberal state. Modernity projects a new and better life, free of authoritarian government and with a higher level of material welfare. Optimistic about cooperation in international relations and cooperation in conflict. 2. Three Basic Liberal Assumptions: 1. Positive View of Human Nature: great faith in human reason. Liberals are convinced that rational principles can be applied to international affairs. Recognize that individuals are self-interested and competitive to a point; however, all humans possess reason and have great potential. Individuals share many interests and can engage in collaborative and cooperative social action, domestically and internationally, which results in greater benefits for all. 2. International Relations can be Cooperative: if humans work together there can be permanent cooperation. Constitutional states can respect each other and deal with each other in accordance with norms of mutual toleration. 3. Progress: belief in change and things becoming better; humans can better themselves – progress for individuals. 3. Liberalism’s General Thesis: when human beings apply reason to international relations, cooperation will always result. There is short-term self-interest, but in the long run cooperation will always prevail. 2. Classical and Utopian Liberalism 1. Classical Liberalism: focus on freedom, cooperation, peace, and progress. 1. John Locke: rule of law guarantees civil liberties which can lead to peace and cooperation. States exist to underwrite the liberty of their citizens and thus enable them to live their lives and pursue their happiness without undue interference from other people. 1. Liberals see the state as a constitutional entity which establishes and enforces the rule of law that respects the rights of citizens to life, liberty and property. 2. Jeremy Bentham: coined the term international law. When liberal states respect law within, the respect will also be strong between liberal states. Rational interest of constitutional states to adhere to international law in their foreign policies. 3. Immanuel Kant: Locke’s and Bentham’s ideas will lead to perpetual peace within the international system. Liberal republics will establish perpetual peace. [Liberalism has solid philosophical roots which all liberals believe]. 2. Utopian Liberalism: WWI brought about the first major international relations theory. Liberalism developed in two democratic liberal democracies (US and Great Britain are ideal liberal states). Prominent for about 15 years after WWI but crashed with the stock market – too ideal. 1.
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Chapters 4-6 Outline - Political Science 260 Chapters 4-6...

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