C7 Notes post mid-term

C7 Notes post mid-term - Tuesday, February 12: Theories of...

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Tuesday, February 12: Theories of Crime Deviance - Jenness & Goodman (2006) o (Real or purported) non-normative behavior that, if detected, can be subject to informal or formal sanctions. o Norm-violating conduct that is subject to social control. o Some acts or behavior are considered deviant and some are considered non- normative behavior which is subject to the social-perspective views. Tuesday, February 19 Classical Theories on Crime – (Classical Theories referring to older theories) - Jeremy Bentham (1748-1832): Utilitarianism (Cost/Benefit Analysis) o Weighting the cost of doing a crime against the benefit of it. o How government is made and how we make decisions in government - Cesare Lombroso (1836-1909): Positivism (Lombroso is the father of positivism) o Scientific analysis on crime o Taking positivism, empirical or scientific method, and bringing it into criminology o He brought the study of phrenology in the determining of criminals o Phrenology – the study of the size and shape of skulls Modern Theories - Genetic Theories (1970s) – The theory that there is a genetic link between criminals. In the 70s there was a study that some prisoners have a XYY chromosome abnormality. There was an extra Y which caused more masculinity, testosterone, and were much larger and sometimes not as smart. - Psychopathy/ Sociopathy (Current) – The study of criminal’s psychology patterns and conditions. - Self-Control Theory (Gottfredsons & Hirschi, 1990) - Macro-Structural Theory (Currie, 1998) Self Control Theory
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- Is there a criminal personality? o They do not believe that a person is born with a lack of self-control, but that it is brought about by poor parenting. - The Personality Traits o Thrill Seekers o Shortsighted o Insensitivity o Physically expressive o Non-verbal o Not necessarily unkind or anti-social. They often use charm to con people. - Bad Parenting? o Lack of attachment o Lack of supervision o Failure to recognize deviant behavior o Never punished o Lack of prescribed boundaries o Parents modeling criminal behavior Currie: The Macro-Structural Viewpoint - o It’s not just what goes on inside the family, but also what surrounds the family. - The U.S. has high rates of incarceration o We punish people severely o We “breed” serious crime
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- He says that violent crime mainly occurs in urbanized areas: Poverty, overcrowded schools, lack of supervision, no community services - Mainly focuses on the sociological aspect of crime How do we Breed Crime? - Deterrence does not work - Replacement Effect – For example, if a drug dealer gets taken off the streets, it is just making room for another drug dealer. -
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C7 Notes post mid-term - Tuesday, February 12: Theories of...

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