Chapter 3-Socialization.docx - Socialization Social...

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SocializationSocial Isolation and SocializationSocializationoThe process by which people learn their cultureoDo so by entering into and disengaging from a succession of rolesoAnd becoming aware of themselves as they interact with othersoMust be released with potentialRoleoA set of behaviours, expected of a person occupying a particular position insocietyRené Spitz’s StudyoShowed importance of socialization in unleashing human potentialoCompared children who were being raised in an orphanage with children whowere being raised in a nursing home attached to a woman’s prisonBoth institutions were hygienic and provided good food and medical careoThe children’s mother took care of the babies in the nursing home but only sixnurses cared for the 45 babies in the orphanageoOrphans has much less contact with peopleoNursing home infants could see society (people socializing with doctors, nursesetc.)oIn orphanage a sheet would separate babies’ cribs from societyDepriving infants of social stimuli for most of the dayMaking them less demandingoOrphans (9-12 months) were more susceptible to infections and had higher deathrates than babies in nursing homesoAll children from nursing home were walking and talking in nursing home,compared to the 8% of orphansoNormally children start playing with their genitals by the end of the first year, butorphans start at the end of their 4thyearImpaired sexual life?oWithout childhood socialization, most of our human potential remainsundeveloped
The crystallization of Self-IdentityAdolescences is a turbulent period of self-developmentCrystallization of self-identity during adolescence is just one episode in lifelong processAgents of socializationoFamilies, schools, peer groups and the mass mediaoIn these setting we learn how to control our impulses, think of ourselves asmembers of different groups, value certain ideals and perform various rolesoInstitutions don’t always work hand in hand to produce happy, well-adjustedadultsThe Symbolic- Interactionist Foundations of Childhood SocializationSocial interactions enable infants to begin developing a self-image or a sense of selfSelfoA set of ideas and attitudes about who they are as independent beingsSigmund FreudProposed first social- scientific interpretation of the process by which the self emergesNoted that infants demand is denied when- for example, parents decide not to feed andcomfort them every time they wake up in the middle of the nightAt first infants protest but they learn to eat more before going to bed, sleep for longerperiods and go back to sleep if they wake upInfants begin to sense that it needs differ from those of its parentsoHas existence independent of others and it must somehow balance its needs withthe realities of lifeSoon personal conscience crystallizesPsychological mechanism develops that normally balances the pleasure seeking andrestraining components of selfoId

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Term
Fall
Professor
JayneBaker
Tags
Sociology, Test, Role, Symbolic Interactionist Foundations of Childhood Socialization

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