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Unformatted text preview: Ch. 9 Inequalities of Race and Ethnicity Racial and Ethnic Minorities Minority – a people who possess some distinct physical or cultural characteristics, are dominated by the majority, and are denied equal treatment • Characteristics of minority o Distinctive physical or cultural characteristics o Dominated by the majority o Denied equal treatment o A sense of collective identity o Membership to a minority is ascribed at birth Race – a category of people who are alleged to share certain biologically inherited physical characteristics that are considered socially important within a society Racism – ideas that attempt to connect biological characteristics with innate racial superiority Ethnic minorities – socially identified by its unique characteristics related to culture or nationality; are subcultures Racial and Ethnic Relation patterns Assimilation – the integration of a social or ethnic minority into a society; groups with distinctive identities become culturally and socially fused • Patterns o Anglo conformity – acceptance of immigrants as long as they conform to the accepted standards of the host society; most common pattern o Melting pot – all ethnic and racial minorities blend together o Accommodation – occurs when a minority, despite its familiarity with the beliefs, norms, and values of the dominant culture, maintains its own culturally unique way of life • Patterns of Conflict o Genocide – politically motivated mass murder of most or all of a targeted population; the most tragic expression of dominance o Population transfer – a minority is forced to either move to a remote location or to leave entirely the territory controlled by the majority o Subjugation – most common pattern of conflict and clearly reflects the...
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- Spring '08