Ch 6 developmental psych - Chapter 6 Notes Outline Emotional Development o Emotional regulation The ability to control when and how emotions are

Ch 6 developmental psych - Chapter 6 Notes Outline...

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Chapter 6 Notes Outline Emotional Development o Emotional regulation The ability to control when and how emotions are expressed due to connections between limbic system and prefrontal cortex o Initiative vs. guilt Erikson’s third psychosocial crisis, in which children undertake new skills and activities and feel guilty when they do not succeed at them Socioemotional Development: Emotional Development and Psychopathology o Externalizing problems Lashing out at others Difficulty with emotional regulations Expression of powerful feelings Uncontrolled physical or verbal outbursts o Internalizing Turning emotions and distress inward Difficulty with emotional regulation Excessively feeling guilt, shame, worthlessness Emotional Development o Self-awareness- the ability to observe our abilities and actions from an outside from of reference and to reflect on our inner state o Self-esteem: evaluating oneself as wither “good” or “bad” as a result of comparing the self to other people Erikson’s Insight’s o Industry vs. inferiority The fourth of Erikson’s eight psychosocial crisis Children attempt to master many skills, developing a sense of themselves as either industrious or inferior, competent or incompetent o Learned helplessness A state that develops when a person feels incapable of affecting the outcome of events, and so gives up without trying Culture and Emotional Control o Goals for emotiona regulation that seem to be important in certain cultures Overcome fear (US) Modify anger (Puerto Rico) Temper pride (China) Control aggression (Japan) Be patient and cooperative (Native American communities) Moral Development o Prosocial behavior: actions that are helpful and kind but that are of no obvious benefit to the person doing them Increases from age 3-6 Altruism: Prosocial behaviors that we carry out for selfless, non- egocentric reasons PY 212
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o Antisocial behavior Actions that are deliberately hurtful or destructive to another person Declines beginning at age 2
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