PAM 330 Study Guide - PAM 330 Study Guide: Needs...

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PAM 330 Study Guide: Needs Assessment: What are the needs of the given population? Is there a need for program X? What needs should be addressed by program X? Qualitative study: o Surveys and focus groups o Positive impact or Are there better alternatives? Assessment of Program Theory How is the program supposed to work? Is it plausible the program will work? Impact/Outcome Evaluation To what extent does the program cause the change in desired outcomes? What are the externalities? Program theory: Service utilization plan How are services provided Program organizational plan  Who/what is needed to provide services o Facilities, personnel, activities Impact theory
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How program causes desired outcomes Proximal v. Distal Outcomes – direct effects v. ultimate desired effects Program Theory Steps: 1. Define the boundary of a program, which components will be evaluated 2. Identify program functions, components, and activities 3. Define the goals and objectives 4. Articulate how program functions relate to the goals and objectives Assessing Program Theory: 1. Are the social problems being addressed real? 2. Are the steps of the impact theory plausible and consistent with previous research? 3. Is outcome data available? Causal Reasoning: Rubin’s Causal Model Causes: S(u)=cause or treatment S(u)=t (treatment), S(u)=c (control) Potential Outcomes: Yt(u)= outcome if exposed to treatment Yc(u)= outcome if exposed to control Causal Effect: Yt(u)-Yc(u) The same group exposure and measurement of the difference in outcomes. Fundamental Problem of Causal Inference:
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You can only observe one outcome for a group (either treatment or control). Counterfactual = other treatment that a given group would receive, but can’t because of  temporal stability. Solutions to FPCI: 1) Effects of causes are the same over time, and not affected by previous experience. a. Expose u to t and then u to c and observe. b. Temporal stability 2) Unit homogeneity a. procedures. b. Common in laboratory scientific studies, not with humans. 3)
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PAM 330 Study Guide - PAM 330 Study Guide: Needs...

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