Septemer 18, 2012Emile Durkheim: collective identity and the importance of religious dynamic Mechanical solidarity: glue that keeps people stuck because of their similarity, they are seen in less complex societiesOrganic solidarity: based on differences that are complementary (they fit together such as my difference to your difference keeps our relationships existing) modern/modestDivision of labour: moves mechanical to organic solidarity (I’ll do the teaching if you do the learning, I’ll take care of your children if you work in the fields)*Structural functionalism: 2 characteristics= society has many parts. Each part has its purpose or function. Those parts with their separate functions are integrated or joined and become a system or a whole. Their functions are interdependent. Each part of society helps another part. (Education helps economic system) Through a set of core values active in any society. Structural functions don’t always function well:Dysfunction System: is when the structure of society fall apart and the meaning of life evaporate. It’s an anomiewhich is normlessnessAnomie nomosnormFor exam:macro level theory/idealist and materialist/his focus on collective identity as opposed to singular identity and role of religion in that (what is totem?) solidarity (mechanical/organic/division of labour, definition of structural functionalism, dysfunction and anomieMAX WEBER= April 21, 1864-June 14, 1920•Eldest of the 7 children born in Germany, born to a prodescent family •Micro level theory with macro level implications •Works relentlessly to discover the ideal type•He argues that we only ever have an approximation of an idea (he’s an idealist)•Family is a couple with or without children married or common law. Ideal type of definition and what weber wants to understand is what is the essence •Sociology is a science concerning itself with the interpretive understanding of social action and thereby with a causal explanation of its course and consequences•Versthehen •Rationaility (4thconcept) : 4 kinds of reasons: oinstrumental rationality: people do things to get results, is a means to an end rationality..go to school to get good jobs etc. ovalue based rationality: we do things because we believe that they are good…go to school because it is good or the right thing to do. oAffectual rationality(emotional based): emotions motivate behaviour…feels good to be in school, fear of poverty if you don’t go to school. oTradition based: we do thing just because that’s what people do…parents went to school.•Capitalism is a unique representation of instrumental and value based rationality. •Symbolic interactionism: is about the construction of meaning in everyday life/ in the social interaction such as bumping into people in everyday life where the meaning of life is constructed.
On exam**Mircro level theory with macro implication/ ideal type/ fetishatian/ 4 types of rationaility/ dynamics of power and authority/ capitalism/ uracheracy(unique configuration of