SOC 101 in class notes - Septemer 18, 2012 Emile Durkheim:...

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Septemer 18, 2012Emile Durkheim: collective identity and the importance of religious dynamicMechanical solidarity: glue that keeps people stuck because of their similarity, they are seen inless complex societiesOrganic solidarity: based on differences that are complementary (they fit together such as mydifference to your difference keeps our relationships existing) modern/modestDivision of labour: moves mechanical to organic solidarity (I’ll do the teaching if you do thelearning, I’ll take care of your children if you work in the fields)*Structural functionalism: 2 characteristics= society has many parts. Each part has itspurpose or function. Those parts with their separate functions are integrated or joined andbecome a system or a whole. Their functions are interdependent. Each part of society helpsanother part. (Education helps economic system) Through a set of core values active in anysociety.Structural functions don’t always function well:Dysfunction System: is when the structure of society fall apart and the meaning of life evaporate.It’s ananomiewhich is normlessnessAnomienomosnormFor exam:macro level theory/idealist and materialist/his focus on collective identity as opposedto singular identity and role of religion in that (what is totem?) solidarity(mechanical/organic/division of labour, definition of structural functionalism, dysfunction andanomieMAX WEBER= April 21, 1864-June 14, 1920Eldest of the 7 children born in Germany, born to a prodescent familyMicro level theory with macro level implicationsWorks relentlessly to discover the ideal typeHe argues that we only ever have an approximation of an idea (he’s an idealist)Family is a couple with or without children married or common law. Ideal type ofdefinition and what weber wants to understand is what is the essenceSociology is a science concerning itself with the interpretive understanding of socialaction and thereby with a causal explanation of its course and consequencesVersthehenRationaility (4thconcept) : 4 kinds of reasons:oinstrumental rationality: people do things to get results, is a means to an endrationality..go to school to get good jobs etc.ovalue based rationality: we do things because we believe that they are good…goto school because it is good or the right thing to do.oAffectual rationality(emotional based): emotions motivate behaviour…feels goodto be in school, fear of poverty if you don’t go to school.oTradition based: we do thing just because that’s what people do…parents went toschool.Capitalism is a unique representation of instrumental and value based rationality.Symbolic interactionism: is about the construction of meaning in everyday life/ in thesocial interaction such as bumping into people in everyday life where the meaning of lifeis constructed.
On exam**Mircro level theory with macro implication/ ideal type/ fetishatian/ 4 types ofrationaility/ dynamics of power and authority/ capitalism/ uracheracy(unique configuration of

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