CHAPTER 15—STATE BUILDING AND THE SEARCH FOR ORDER IN THE SEVENTEENTH CENTURY ESSAY 1. What were the economic and social problems that troubled Europe from 1560 to 1650? Do these problems constitute a "crisis"? ANS: 2. What permanent alterations to Europe did the Thirty Years' War make? ANS: 3. What was the "military revolution" and what effect did it have on warfare in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries? ANS: 4. Why were women the prevalent victims of Europe's witch craze? ANS: 5. Define absolutism and determine to what extent France's government in the seventeenth century can be labeled an absolute monarchy. ANS: 6. What was the relationship in the France of Louis XIV between pomp and rule? ANS: 7. Compare the reigns of Frederick William of Brandenburg-Prussia and Peter the Great of Russia. How are their policies similar? How are they different? ANS: 8. What role did the nobility play in politics and government in Poland and England? ANS: 9. England in the seventeenth century witnessed a general revolutionary upheaval that involved a struggle between king and Parliament. What were the issues (causes) of this struggle? What role did the Puritans play in its course? In what ways was England changed by it? ANS:
10. Why did England move toward a limited monarchy while places like Prussia, Austria, and Russia moved toward a more robust and absolutist monarchy? ANS: 11. How did the art and literature of the second half of the seventeenth century reflect the political and social life of that period? Give examples. ANS: 12. What was "new" about Baroque art, and how did it reflect or impact the culture of the seventeenth century? ANS: IDENTIFICATIONS 1. witches ANS: 2. Thirty Years War ANS: 3. Gustavus Adolphus ANS: 4. Peace of Westphalia ANS: 5. conscript standing armies ANS: 6. absolutism ANS: 7. Bishop Jacques Bossuet ANS: 8. "divine right" ANS: 9. Cardinals Richelieu and Mazarin ANS: 10. the Fronde
ANS: 11. Louis XIV ANS: 12. Edict of Fontainebleau ANS: 13. Versailles ANS: 14. Jean-Baptiste Colbert ANS: 15. Louis XIV's wars ANS: 16. Peace of Utrecht ANS: 17. Brandenburg-Prussia ANS: 18. Frederick William the Great Elector ANS: 19. the Hohenzollerns ANS: 20. Treaty of Karlowitz ANS: 21. the Romanovs ANS: 22. Russian serfdom ANS: 23. the Orthodox Church ANS: 24. Peter the Great ANS:
25. Saint Petersburg ANS: 26. Great Northern War ANS: 27. Vienna and the Ottoman Empire ANS: 28. Poland's Sejm ANS: 29. the house of Orange ANS: 30. Amsterdam ANS: 31. the Stuarts ANS: 32. Puritans ANS: 33. English Civil War ANS: 34. Oliver Cromwell ANS: 35. Levellers ANS: 36. the Restoration ANS: 37. Test Act ANS: 38. James II ANS:
39. Glorious Revolution ANS: 40. Thomas Hobbes ANS: 41. John Locke ANS: 42. Bill of Rights ANS: 43. Mannerism and El Greco ANS: 44. Bernini and Gentileschi ANS: 45. Baroque ANS: 46. French Classicism ANS: 47. Rembrandt van Rijn ANS: 48. William Shakespeare ANS: 49. Lope de Vega ANS: 50. Racine and Moliere ANS: MULTIPLE CHOICE 1. Seventeenth-century European population
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