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Comm 417A Notes

Comm 417A Notes - Comm 417A Notes channel\NOISE Comm...

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Comm 417A Notes 1/23/08 channel \NOISE Comm: message Linear Model - Sender------ Receiver Interpersonal Comm (IPC) -Conditions that must exist to consider an interaction IPC (capella) 1) Probability of A’s behavior given B’s behavior cannot equal zero -has to be a prior relationship -should be greater than chance 2) Assess the probability of A’s behavior different from their baseline behavior Defining Elements of IPC 1) Intentionality – have to have a desire to interact with others 2) Shared Information – verbal/nonverbal messages whose content is shared 3) Transmission – the info needs to be sent/shared between two people 4) Bond – has to be a recognition/understanding *Symbolic Interactionism – tells how comm forms relationships The Pragmatics of Human Communication (1967) Authors: Waltzlavick, Beavin, and Jackson *once cannot not communicate** -There is no opposite of behavior -everything you do has communicative value *Every message has a content (direct) and relationship (indirect) component *Punctuation – order in which things occur and surrounding elements in a relationship Situational Approach to Understanding/Defining IPC *knowledge of the other tends to be greater in IPC *knowledge of the relationship is greater 1) Numbers: 2) Distance 1=Intra - 2=Inter pretty close 3-20=Small Group closer pretty far infinity=mass comm very far 3) Availability of senses – highest with mass comm 4) Availability of feedback – highest with interpersonal Developmental Approach to Understanding/Defining IPC (Paper topic) *looks at human relationships like studying organisms Levels of Data
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1) Cultural – the sum of characteristics shared by a large group of people -including beliefs, habits, practices, language -easy to acquire 2) Sociological – people’s voluntary membership in social groups -higher level of prediction because of volunteering -told to associate with profession, politics, body art -takes longer to acquire 3) Psychological – individual level differences -personality profile that makes all of us unique -food preference -most valuable and hardest to acquire 1/28/08 Language 1) Phonemics (sounds) 2) Syntax – arrangement of sounds, letters, words… -how we put them together 3) Semantics – their meaning 4) Pragmatics – the function of it Analogue and Digital Analogue – manipulates the meaning of what you want to get across Cooperative Principle of Using Language (Grice) -belief/assumption that when people communicate they cooperate -default mode of communication
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