Griffin Chapter 32 Philipsen’s theory states that one’s past and their exposure to culture will determine the way in which they communicate. He uses the south side of Chicago and the West Coast as examples, and also employs the term Nacirema for the standard American speech code. Griffin goes on to explain that there are six general propositions to the core of the theory. They are the distinctiveness, multiplicity, substance, interpretation, site, and force of speech codes. The first, distinctiveness, talks about how culture influences speech. The second code, multiplicity, refers to the fact that people use more than one speech code at a time. Substance, which is the third code, goes in depth into the different speech codes are reveals that they are a reflection of the self, one’s society, and their strategic action. The fourth code, interpretation, explains how different cultures define their own speech codes. The fifth code, site, tells how to look for the different aspects of speech codes – they are within the native speakers. The final code, force,
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