3.20-3.22lapol

3.20-3.22lapol - Latin American Politics March 20, 2007...

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Latin American Politics 03/04/2007 17:07:00 March 20, 2007 Argentina 1987 economic crisis, cgt all out opposition, 13 general strikes Alessi cedes to Menem -3 days into term, first of many pardons -punto final, only leaders in Summary: Trials-->accountability, but at the cost of stability, free elections, Kirchner still trying some, no statute of limitations -widespread involvement-->difficulty of implementing justice **Sunday, papers re: anniversary of. Peru Crisis of democratic stability in first decade Collapses early 1990s -Military tried to negotiate withdrawal -failed -Bellaunde (overthrown by mil. in 1968)
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-poor relations with mil-->no negotiating -few human rights abuses -also refuses to negotiate on mil. spending, policy, will not talk to -radical break -eventually, some loyal commanders traded for concessions in security policy -landed elite destroyed, no rightest movement since -radicalization of the left -mil. breaks links between apra and labor movement -->workers join commies -->main obstacle to democratic stability in 1980s B. (center-left) had promised economic expansion and public works -pragmatic message appealing -first election with no literacy requirement-->opening of electorate -economic crisis, constant strikes -ending strikes as initial priority -rural regions suffering even more from downturns, poverty -Sindero Luminoso (Shining Path) -Spreads from Ayacucho (remote highlands) throughout highlands in 80s -fear they'd take over
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-military movement -began in Ayacucho in 1960s -Univ. was one of schools sponsored by mil. government -tool for developing region -one of the country's poorest provinces -Guzman draws followers to classes -preaches need for revolution to transform power structure -followers included 1st gen. indios attending college -many planned to return to communities as teachers -at the time, focos -Guzman remained unconnected -Maoist, vs. Castroist model, prolonged war -->does not collaborate with mil. -expelled from pro-chinese Communist group in 69 -named after quote from Peruvian philosopher, early commie, José Carlos Mariátegui Marxism-Leninism will open the shining path to revolution -peasants have to play a crucial role in revolution -spends 60s beginning development -68% illiterate, life expectancy 51 years (lowest in peru), but not poorest region -->successful in recruiting -students wanted to understnd reasons for poverty, strategy toward change
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-"Doctor Champu" nickname, because charismatic -organizs cells with strict hierarchy -leader, supreme council, local party members Indoctrination of children Travelers would hear schoolchildren singing: "The right, no no no, the left, no no no, armed struggle, yes yes yes" -agitated community members against police -only representatives of national government
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This note was uploaded on 04/08/2008 for the course POLS W4461 taught by Professor O'neal during the Spring '07 term at Columbia.

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3.20-3.22lapol - Latin American Politics March 20, 2007...

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