1.16-1.18 - Latin American Politics 1.16-1.18 January 18,...

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Latin American Politics 1.16-1.18 January 18, 2007 KEY TERMS State vs. regime vs. government Caudillo Technocrats Core and peripheral staets Oligarchy/traditional elite Popular sectors Civil society Wide variation in Latin American political regimes and paths to economic development Latin America supplies vast amounts of oil and immigrants to the U.S. Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Peru, Mexico, Venezuela: our focus Who are the players in Latin American politics, and how much power do they have? 8 primary players 1) oligarchy (landed elites) 2) bourgeoisie (industrial elite) 3) Middle classes 4) organized labor 5) popular sectors 6) peasantry 7) Catholic Church 8) military I. Oligarchy a. Dominated economics and politics by controlling the land and the peasants who worked on it; also manipulated judiciary b. Politically conservative and allied with Catholic Church i. Favored small state, low tariffs and production of primary products c. Opposed to increased access via democratization; therefore, oligarchy allied with military to stop democracy pushes II. Bourgeoisie a. Often aligned with oligarchy against democratic opening; wanted to control labor b. Disagreed w/ oligarchy on econ. policy b/c, as industrialists, they wanted tariffs i. These divisions would open opportunities for other groups to be involved in politics III. Middle Classes
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a. Professionals – shopowners, bureaucrats, etc. i. Wanted education, increased public employment, and other ‘heterogeneous’ policies ii. Often represented by moderate/centrist parties that pushed for democratization 1. Once the left became mobilized as well by democratization goals, the centrists would become frightened and would side w/ conservative right iii. Middle sectors weren’t really able to gain power on their own, and so would join w/ parties of the bourgeoisie IV. Organized labor a. Represented small amount of middle class, but had economic and political power due to geographic concentration
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1.16-1.18 - Latin American Politics 1.16-1.18 January 18,...

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