1.12-1.19 - Intro. to International Relations 1.12-1.19...

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Intro. to International Relations 1.12-1.19 Lecture Schools of Thought in Int’l Relations Politics>economics Economics>Politics (No Change) Armed conflict Military power Power politics Major power States must depend on military force to defend themselves (No change) Market forces Economic classes Economic actors Permeable state boundaries (Change) International Authority Int’l Law We’re all subject to laws, and int’l relations should be treated as domestic politics (Change) Eliminate political barriers; rely on free market May take dim view of economics (small # if people control everyone else) Must be some kind of radical change (workers of the world, unite!) Levels Example Individual Political leader Small group Decision making group Large groups Organization/bureaucracy; Interest groups; elites Nation State Country; government Levels above the State Example Dyad (pair of states) arms race, crisis Region Europe Global World War I About 30% of French conscript class died in WWI (18 yr. olds b/w 1912-1915) About 1/3 of all German soldiers died Treaty of Versailles leads into WWII
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Russian Revolution Decline of Britain and France, rise of U.S. First chair of Int’l Relations was in 1919; point is, WWI influenced study of IR Major players: Britain, France, Belgium, Germany, Austria, Italy, Serbia, Russia, Turkey, Hungary Britain+France+Russia= 70% more power than Gmy, Aust., Hungary Archduke Ferdinand assassinated by Serb. Nationalist; armed by Serb. intelligence agency Were the assassins state sponsored terrorism? Austria/Hungary bombs Serbs War breaks out Breakdown of the balance of power system “The Balancer:” country that sits back, watches world go by, and restores balance when things go badly Many Brits thought their country was the balancer But Britain failed to make clear that actions/intentions of Germany and Austria- Hungary were unacceptable British dominance, however, was fading with rise of America into early 20
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This note was uploaded on 04/08/2008 for the course POLI 211 taught by Professor Stoll during the Spring '06 term at Rice.

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1.12-1.19 - Intro. to International Relations 1.12-1.19...

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