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u 1020 storrs ct 06269 1020 e mail jojokoryahoocom

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Unformatted text preview: hmaros, Department of Psychology, University of Connecticut, 406 Babbidge Rd., U-1020, Storrs, CT 06269-1020; e-mail: [email protected] 262 Copyright © 2001 American Psychological Society edness increased among kin, women tended to be more willing to aid friends than kin. Furthermore, two studies (Korchmaros, 1999; Smith et al., 1987) showed that individuals were more willing to act altruistically toward their spouses than toward others with whom they shared higher degrees of genetic relatedness. These results might be explained by emotional closeness. We propose that emotional closeness is an important proximal cause of altruism that partially mediates the relationship between genetic relatedness and altruism. As was true during the Pleistocene and is still somewhat true today, societies are organized in such a way that many of the variables known to lead to attraction and, consequently, emotional closeness—propinquity (Berscheid, 1985; Festinger, Schachter, & Back, 1950; Segal, 1974), frequency of interaction (Newcomb, 1961; Saegert, Swap, & Zajonc...
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