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with that individual (Lee, Mancini, & Maxwell, 1990).
Emotional closeness between two people causes them to want to
help each other, especially when the other is in need. Investigations of
altruistic behavior have shown that people are usually more willing to
provide assistance to friends (i.e., people they know and care about)
than to strangers and acquaintances (Bell, Grekul, Lamba, Minas, &
Harrell, 1995; Clark & Mills, 1993) and that people feel that friends
are more obligated than strangers to provide assistance when it is
needed (Bar-Tal, Bar-Zohar, Greenberg, & Hermon, 1977). Moreover,
research has shown that people are systematically more willing to act
altruistically toward nonkin whom they are close to and care about
than toward kin, even kin of high degrees of genetic relatedness. For
instance, Essock-Vitale and McGuire (1985) showed that although
women’s willingness to assist other people increased as genetic relat- Address correspondence to Josephine D. Korc...
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This document was uploaded on 11/18/2013.
- Fall '13