In addition participants were encouraged to answer

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Unformatted text preview: -or-death situations for the purpose of research. Instead, we increased involvement of participants and decreased experimenter demand in this study by using the names of participants’ family members. In addition, participants were encouraged to answer honestly, assured that their responses were anonymous, and instructed not to go back to check or change any of their responses. CONCLUSION The present study, conducted from the perspective of inclusive fitness theory (Hamilton, 1964), provides a new and more comprehen- 264 sive interpretation of altruistic behavior than previously premised by inclusive fitness theorists. People are not simply calculators of costs and benefits acting in response to information specifying amount of shared genes and reproductive value. There is another component: emotional closeness. Individuals form relationships and spend time together. Consequently, they become interdependent, feel concern for each other, and are willing to act altruistically toward one another. The fact that individuals very often become interdependent with, feel concern for, and are willing to act altruistically toward those with whom they are...
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This document was uploaded on 11/18/2013.

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