Materials a paper and pencil questionnaire was used

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Unformatted text preview: te students who participated to fulfill a requirement of their introductory psychology course. Materials A paper-and-pencil questionnaire was used to measure participants’ willingness to act altruistically toward members of their family when receiving help would be the only way the family members would survive (i.e., in life-or-death situations) and giving help would cost the participants great risk, possibly leading to injury to themselves. For each participant, the questionnaire included hypothetical dilemmas involving every possible pairing of five of the participant’s family members, a round-robin design. These hypothetical dilemmas differed only in the two family members involved. Family members were specified by first name (e.g., Bob and Jane). In response to each dilemma, the participant reported which family member (i.e., target) he or she would more likely help and whether he or she was definitely, very likely, probably, or not at all certain of this decision. We then used VOL. 12, NO. 3, MAY 2001 PSYCHOLOGICAL SCIENCE Josephine D. Korchmaros and David A. Kenny these responses to compute willingness-to-help scores that reflected not only the likelihood that the participant would act altruistically toward each target, but...
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