chapter18

S and china o most polluted cities by particulate

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Unformatted text preview: eenhouse gas emission by country in millions of metric tons CO2 Equivalent in 2005. CO2 equivalent emissions from land use change and emissions of CO2, CH3, N2O, PFC, HFC and SF6 are included. Bunker fuel (i.e. ships) is not. (source: wikipedia) 
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 Figure 18.x Greenhouse gas emission per capita in metric tons per person for each country in 2005. CO2 Equivalent. CO2 equivalent emissions from land use change and emissions of CO2, CH3, N2O, PFC, HFC and SF6 are included. Bunker fuel (i.e. ships) is not. (source: wikipedia) Figure 18.x Annual fossil fuel carbon dioxide emission, in million metric tons of carbon, for a variety of non-overlapping regions in the World. Emissions in North America are highest in the World and account for 25% of total emission (with only 5% of the World’s population). Emissions in Eastern Europe nearly reached those of North America but dropped dramatically after the collapse of the USSR at the beginning of the 1990s. On the other hand, emission in Communist East Asia (incl. China) and India& Southeast Asia skyrocketed. (source: wikipedia) 
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 Figure 18.x Kyoto Protocol participation map 2010. Green indicates countries that have ratified the treaty. Dark green are Annex I and II countries that have ratified the treaty. Light grey is not yet decided. Brown is not intention of ratifying (essentially the U.S.). (source: wikipedia) o o o o o o o o o o o o established in 1997; to be replaced by the Copenhagen protocol in 2009 realization that, in order to stabilize CO2 at 450 ppm, emission would have to fall below 1990 level industrial countries have to reduce to 5.2% below 1990 level by 2012 96 countries ratified, incl. E.U. and Japan which make up 37.4% of production in industrial countries need countries responsible of > 50% to ratify U.S. (25% of total CO2 and 36.4% of production in industrial countries) bailed out; major argument against ratification: "this would hurt national economy" Russia (17.4%) and Poland (3%) initially pledged to ratify the protocol, which would account for 57.8% of production jeopardized when Russia bailed out in 2003, but ratified when it joined in October 2004 European Union and Brazil proposed phasing out fossil fuel burning; Europe has increased the use of alternative energy (e.g. wind), while Brazil has a strong biodiesel program the Kyoto protocol is opposed by: fossil fuel industry oil-producing countries major fossil...
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This document was uploaded on 11/21/2013.

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