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Unformatted text preview: ciety Ideas of community, the common good, and common action prove central to the account and are therefore subject to discussion in part two. In part three we directly discuss the nature of authority. At its best and by its nature, authority fosters individual self-possession of creative freedom. EACH MEMBER IN A COMMUNITY WORKS TOWARDS THAT COMMUNITIES RESPECTIVE END William A. Frank, chairman of the Philosophy Department at the University of Dallas, July 23, 2003, http://www.strom.clemson.edu/becker/prtm320/authority_common_good.html. Let us look closer at the notions of community, common good, and common action since they provide the immediate context for understanding authority. We should like to see more clearly these facets of communal life, of which authority is in some sense the cause and form. Indeed as already suggested, authority has its being precisely in the maintenance of human community. Each human being belongs to a variety of associations, be it a family, clan, church, club, team, business, committee or society. Within these associations each member performs identifiable activities toward the establishment of some end or purpose of the association. Whether it be a church worshipping, a hockey team seeking victory, or a business working for a product and profit, each association marshals the activities of its many members toward its respective end. (Community is the product/compilation of individuals; Social Contract) The unity of a community lies within a particular associate of the community, a person who carries the special office of authority. SLHS Value File Answers to Feminism HISTORICALLY, CONTRACTUALISM OPPOSED PATRIARCHALISM Michael Lessnoff, Professor of Politics, University of Glasgow, SOCIAL CONTRACT, 1986, p.9. To the patriarchalists, just as children are naturally subject to the father who begot them, so private citizens are naturally subject to the father of their country, their king. Not, of course, that he is literally their father - rather, he is the inheritor of the natural authority of fathers. According to...
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This document was uploaded on 11/20/2013.
- Fall '13