Unformatted text preview: qual distribution-or what I call structural scarcity-is a key factor in virtually every case of scarcity contributing to conflict. Often the imbalance is deeply rooted in institutions and class and ethnic relations inherited from the colonial period. It is frequently sustained and reinforced by international economic relations that trap developing countries into dependence on a few raw material exports. It can also be reinforced by heavy external debts that encourage countries to use their most productive environmental resources-such as their best croplands and forests to generate hard currency rather than to support the most impoverished segments of their populations. ELIMINATING POVERTY IS A MORAL OBLIGATION ON THE PART OF THE DEVELOPED NATIONS Thomas Pogge, Professor, Columbia University Political Science Department, 2005. World Poverty and Human Rights, p. 2. But think about the unthinkable for a moment. Are there steps the affluent countries could take to reduce severe poverty abroad? It seems very likely that there are, given the enormous inequalities in income and wealth already mentioned. The common assumption, however, is that reducing severe poverty abroad at the expense of our own affluence would be generous on our part, not something we owe, and that our failure to do this is thus at most a lack of generosity that does not make us morally responsible for the continued deprivation of the poor. RADICAL INEQUALITIES IN WEALTH MAKE IT A MORAL OBLIGATION TO HELP Thomas Pogge, Professor, Columbia University Political Science Department, 2005. World Poverty and Human Rights, p. 2. I deny that the 955 million citizens of the affluent countries are morally entitled to their 81 percent Of the global product in the face of three times as many people mired in severe poverty. Is this denial really so preposterous that one need not consider the arguments in its support? Does not the radical inequality between our wealth and their dire need at least put the burden on us to show why we should be morally entitled to so much while they have so little? In `World Poverty and Human Rights,' I dispute the popular assumption by showing that the usual ways of justifying our great advantage fail. SLHS Value File Privacy
THE CONSTITUTION ESTABLISHES RIGHTS TO PRIVACY The University of Tennessee, Spring, 1972, p. 519...
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This document was uploaded on 11/20/2013.
- Fall '13