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Unformatted text preview: ations and land stress might produce waves of environmental refugees that spill across borders and that undermine the domestic stability of receiving countries.' Countries could fight among themselves over dwindling supplies of river water and the effects of upstream pollution.' In poor countries that depend on agriculture, a sharp drop in food-crop production could lead to strife between urban and rural dwellers or between nomads and sedentary farmers. If environmental degradation tightens food supplies, exporters might use food as a weapon. More generally, some of these experts argued, environmental stress could cause the gradual impoverishment of societies, both rich and poor, which would aggravate class and ethnic cleavages, undermine liberal regimes, and spawn insurgencies. In sum, these experts suggested that environmental pressures could "ratchet up" the level of stress within national and international society, increasing the likelihood of many different kinds of conflict and impeding cooperative solutions. SLHS Value File Equality
EQUALITY IS A BASIC TENET OF CURRENT MORAL THOUGHT Louis Pojman, USMA Professor of Philosophy and Robert Westmoreland, University of Mississippi Professor of Philosophy, EQUALITY: SELECTED READINGS, 1997, p. 1. It is one of the basic tenets of almost all contemporary moral and political theories that humans are essentially equal, of equal worth, and should have this ideal reflected in the economic, social, and political structures of society. 3. ALL MODERN POLITICS ASPIRE TO EQUALITY Bernard A.O. Williams, UC Berkeley Professor of Philosophy, EQUALITY: SELECTED READINGS, 1997, p. 91. The idea of equality is used in political discussion both in statements of fact, or what purport to be statements of fact--that men are equal--and in statements of political principles or aims--that men should be equal, as at present they are not. RIGHTS SECURED BY EQUAL CITIZENSHIP ARE INVIOLABLE John Rawls, Harvard Professor of Philosophy, EQUALITY: SELECTED READINGS, 1997, p. 183. Each person possesses an inviolability founded on justice that even the welfare of society as a whole cannot override. For this reason justice denies that the loss of freedom for some is made right by a greater good shared by others. It does not allow that the sacrifices imposed on a few are outweighed by the larger sum of advantages enjoyed by the many. Therefore, in a just soc...
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This document was uploaded on 11/20/2013.
- Fall '13