Values File

633 the theory that government was created by a

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Unformatted text preview: Sir Robert Filmer, author of Patriarcha, this authority originally inhered in Adam, the father of the human race, and passed by biological - that is, natural - descent to his heirs. As the race increased in numbers, so too did families, turning thereby into kingdoms, but the basis of authority did not alter (F. 11-13). This version of patriarchalism is also a version of supernaturalism in that it is ultimately based on the will of God. From the point of view of social contract theory, its main significance is as an important rival to the latter at the period of its highest development. Contract theorists devoted a good deal of their attention to the relation between the family and civil society, and to giving an alternative account to the patriarchalist one. BOTH HOBBES AND LOCKE REJECTED PATRIARCHALISM Michael Lessnoff, Professor of Politics, University of Glasgow, SOCIAL CONTRACT, 1986, p.68-9. It is interesting to compare Locke's response to patriarchalism with that of Hobbes. Hobbes rejected patriarchalist premises in a more thorough-going way - not so much by contrasting family and commonwealth, as by rejecting the patriarchalist account, not just of the commonwealth, but also of the family itself. Natural dominion over a child, Hobbes asserts, belongs not to the father, but to the mother, 'seeing the infant is first in the power of the mother', and in any case 'it cannot be known who is the father, unless it be declared by the mother'. Paternal power, therefore, derives not from 'generation', but from consent both the consent of the mother, in an agreement with the father, and the consent of the child, 'either express, or by other sufficient arguments declared'. SLHS Value File Social Contract Bad Generic Responses POLITICAL OBLIGATION ISN'T NECESSARY; MORAL OBLIGATION IS SUFFICIENT Vicente Medina, Professor of Philosophy, Bergen Community College, SOCIAL CONTRACT THEORIES: POLITICAL OBLIGATION OR ANARCHY?, 1990, p.151-2. The fact that both contractarians and anticontractarians fail to justify political obligation (understood as a self-assumed obligation) is nothing new; the anarchists have argued similarly for a long time. B...
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This document was uploaded on 11/20/2013.

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