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Unformatted text preview: n fact, the values reflected in the curriculum were those of mainstream Protestantism. Thus, common schools, open free of charge, were intended to provide children, especially newcomers, with the tools perceived necessary to make them valuable contributors to American society. These common schools would "serve as the bedrock of an American public philosophy intermingling religion, politics and economics in a vision of a 'redeemer nation.'" Although the nation had no established state church, the public educational institutions reflected the expectation that American society be religious and Protestant. SLHS Value File Veil of Ignorance Bad
Using veil of ignorance causes us to discard essential information regarding the nature and state of our resources Roemer, E. John. "Egalitarianism against the Veil of Ignorance", The Journal of Philosophy, Vol. 99, No. 4, pp. 167-184. April 2002 it would be better to make decisions ex post, that is, There is a cost and a benefit to using the veil of ignorance. We often mention the benefit, seldom the cost. Truth be told, after we know which preference orders and welfare functions are associated with which social positions (that is, after the birth
lottery has transpired). The problem with making distributional decisions ex post is one of maintaining objectivity: How can we be sure that the decision makers, if they are drawn from the society in question, are not simply making recommendations from self-interest? The benefit of the veil-of-ignorance construct is that it forces objectivity, or impartiality. But the cost is that we must make decisions with a great handicap-we have discarded massively important information that is available to us in the real world, namely, what the actual joint distribution of resources (here, wealth and internal sources) and types is. The veilof-ignorance approach asks us how we would allocate resources if we did not know that actual distribution. But would it not be better to think about the problem of distribution (now, redistribution) knowing what the actual distribution is, if we could
otherwise maintain impartiality?, The answ...
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- Fall '13