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Unformatted text preview: for admission to these schools is ferocious. SLHS Value File Community
COMMUNITY MUST BE RESPECTED TO HAVE DIGNITY 2001 Northwestern University Law Review Fall, 2001 Denise C. Morgan* * Professor, New York Law School; B.A., Yale College, 1986 In contrast, remedial obligations under distributive theories of justice flow from membership in a political community. n27 Distributive theories posit a moral self that is situated within a community. Belonging to that community is constitutive of identity and is an essential source of rights. This notion of the self is similar to the one espoused by many communitarian political theorists who reject what they see as the radical individualism [*107] of liberalism. n28 Those theorists emphasize the importance of community affiliations to individual identity, and believe that "if a culture is not generally respected, then the dignity and self-respect of its members will also be threatened." n29 COMMUNITY DEFENDS MORAL STANDARDS OF ALL ITS MEMBERS Amitai Etzioni, Professor of Government at George Washington University, Founder and Chairman of the Communitarian Network, THE SPIRIT OF COMMUNITY, 1993, p. 255. A responsive community is one whose moral standards reflect the basic human needs of all its members. To the extent that these needs compete with one another, the community's standards reflect the relative priority accorded by members to some needs over others. Although individuals differ in their needs, human nature is not totally malleable. Although individuals are deeply influenced by their communities, they have a capacity for independent judgment. The persistence of humane and democratic culture, as well as individual dissent, in Eastern Europe and the Soviet Union demonstrate the limits of social indoctrination. 2. COMMUNITY DEFENDS VALUES OF MORALITY AND JUSTICE Amitai Etzioni, Professor of Government at George Washington University, Founder and Chairman of the Communitarian Network, THE SPIRIT OF COMMUNITY, 1993, p. 255-256. For a community to be truly responsive--not only to an elite group, a minority or even the majority, but to all its members and all their basic human needs--it will have to develop moral values which meet the following criteria: they...
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