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Unformatted text preview: onal view is often held in concert with a view of schools as economic tools, preparing tomorrow's workers and thereby ensuring the nation's future competitiveness. Inculcating values is inevitable: some favor tying these values to democratic processes Kevin G. Welner, J.D., UCLA LAW REVIEW, April 2003, p. 967-968
As commentators on both the left and the right flanks of the political spectrum have pointed out, some inculcation of values in schools is inevitable. Given this inevitability, the important question becomes who should choose the values to be inculcated and how those values should be instilled. One answer to this question is to affirm allegiance to the democratic process, on the basis that there is nothing "constitutionally suspect about public educational policies which have their genesis in community political pressures." In support of this position, Malcolm Stewart points out that teacher speech would not be possible or effective without significant government "subsidies." He sets forth three forms of government subsidy for teacher speech: (1) economic (for example, the teacher's salary), (2) a captive audience, and (3) the imprimatur of state approval. While Stewart concedes that teachers have a right to express themselves, he asserts that they have no right to government assistance in support of that expression. Stewart's position fully endorses the political process of decisionmaking. Parents should be able to use that process to influence their children's education - particularly with regard to the values taught to their children. Because there is no pedagogical way to determine the best values to teach, this decision should be left to the political process. American courts have repeatedly and consistently upheld inculcation of values as a proper role for public schools Kevin G. Welner, J.D., UCLA LAW REVIEW, April 2003, p. 975-977
The Supreme Court has repeatedly stated that inculcation of values is a proper role for public schools. For example, in Ambach v. Norwick, n68 the Court held that the First Amendment does not protect the right of noncitizens to te...
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