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Unformatted text preview: s best served. Doing one's share is not to be confused with playing the part that someone else has assumed the authority of assigning you. Responding to racial Injustice is a matter of individuals acting in a way that they can reasonably defend as fair and consistent with their selfunderstandings. Fairness suggests that more advantaged blacks have greater obligations than less advantaged blacks, but not that they must fulfill their obligations in the way in which any majority-black or white-deems appropriate. There are multiple ways in which we all can identify with each other and reciprocate the beneficial acts of others. In fairness, none of us should be tied to the way chosen by others, provided that we too find a way to do our fair share. FAIRNESS OBLIGATES US TO HELP DISADVANTAGED PEOPLE Amy Gutmann, Laurence Rockefeller University Professor of Politics and Dean of the faculty at Princeton University, 1996, p. 172-173
Whatever our color or other group identification attributed to us, we are generally obligated to promote justice by virtue of what others have done (and are doing) to improve our lives and by virtue of our own capacity to help others. These general obligations increase in proportion to how much people have done to help us and how much we can do to help others. Fairness does not require that we fulfill our obligations by helping people of the same color, ethnicity, gender, or class of those who helped improve the conditions of our lives, assuming that we can figure out which group that was. Fairness obligates us to help disadvantaged individuals as we and others have been helped before, are being helped, and arc capable of helping in the future (without undue sacrifice). The obligations of the average white American therefore are more demanding in absolute terms than those of the average black American. Similarly, the obligations of middle-class blacks are more demanding in absolute terms than those of less advantaged blacks. SLHS Value File WHITE AMERICANS, AS BENEFICIARIES OF RACIAL INJUSTICE, HAVE A SPECIAL OBLIGATION...
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- Fall '13